Guitare, bec à gaz, flacon [Guitar, Gas-jet and Bottle] (1913)
About this artwork
In 1912 Picasso and his friend Georges Braque began experimenting with sticking pieces of paper onto their drawings. This technique, known as 'papier collé' (stuck paper), in turn affected the way they painted. In this painting, Picasso has used a range of media and techniques. The gas-jet at the back is drawn in charcoal, while the stylized glass at the bottom is scraped into thick white paint. Picasso has used varnish to paint the vertical strip in the middle of the painting, and mixed grit with his paint to paint the bottle and surrounding area, on the right of the picture.
The son of an artist, Picasso was born in Malaga, Spain, and studied at art school in Barcelona. He visited Paris in 1900 and after several extended stays settled there in 1904. Picasso was a hugely prolific and highly influential artist who worked in numerous styles throughout his life. However, it is probably for his cubist paintings that he is known. Their revolutionary treatment of subject matter, whether still life or portrait, is instantly recognisable as being by Picasso. The Gallery of Modern Art has a small, but choice collection of Picasso's work, including a 'Blue Period' painting, a cubist collage, two still life paintings, two drawings, several prints and some notable loans.