David Octavius Hill & Robert Adamson

Sergeant and Private of the 92nd Gordon Highlanders. Known as 'The Porthole' [Military 1] (April 1846)

About this artwork

Having returned from the West Indies in July 1845, the 92nd Gordon Highlanders were stationed at Edinburgh Castle until their move to Ireland April 1846, and later the Ionian Islands and Gibraltar. Whilst Hill was making studies for his painting ‘Edinburgh Old and New’, which looks down over the Castle barracks, he took a series of photographs of the soldiers. In this image the Private stands to attention, in a formal and rigid pose, in comparison to the Sergeant who adopts a much more relaxed stance, casually leaning against the canon. This reflects the difference in rank between the two soldiers, with the Sergeant senior to the Private.

David Octavius Hill

Robert Adamson

David Octavius Hill

A painter and a lithographer by training, David Octavius Hill is best remembered for the beauty of the calotypes he and Robert Adamson produced together. Hill was a sociable and kind-hearted man who did much to support the arts in Scotland and between 1830 and 1836 he was the unpaid Secretary of the newly established Royal Scottish Academy. After Adamson's death, Hill's attempt to start a new partnership with the photographer Alexander MacGlashan around 1860 failed. Hill is to this day revered as one of the first in the trade who transformed photography into an art form.

Robert Adamson

Robert Adamson was one of the first professional photographers, setting up in business in Edinburgh in March 1843. He had aspired to be an engineer but his health was too poor. His brother, John, who was involved in the early experiments with photography in St Andrews, taught him the calotype process. Shortly after opening his studio on Calton Hill, Robert met the painter David Octavius Hill. They worked together for a few weeks on studies for a grand painting of the Free Church of Scotland before entering into partnership to explore the possibilities of photography. Despite Adamson's early death, the two produced some of the most impressive works taken in the medium and greatly influenced later practice in the art.