John Hoppner

Admiral Adam Duncan, 1st Viscount Duncan of Camperdown (1731 - 1804) (1797 - 1798)

About this artwork

A naval officer from Dundee, Duncan's career had been worthy but unremarkable until his last posting, when he emerged as one of Britain's great heroes of the Revolutionary Wars. With Duncan at its command, a British North Sea fleet achieved a resounding victory over the Dutch allies of the French Revolutionary government at the Battle of Camperdown on 11 October 1797. This is a study for, or smaller replica of, a whole-length portrait that was engraved in 1798 to commemorate his success.

  • title: Admiral Adam Duncan, 1st Viscount Duncan of Camperdown (1731 - 1804)
  • accession number: NG 1216
  • artist: John HoppnerEnglish (1758 - 1810)
  • depicted: Adam Duncan
  • gallery: In Storage
  • object type: Painting
  • materials: Oil on canvas
  • date created: 1797 - 1798
  • measurements: 75.50 x 63.50 cm
  • credit line: Bequest of the Earl of Camperdown 1918

John Hoppner

John Hoppner

Hoppner was born in London to German parents who lived at the court of King George II. There were rumours that Hoppner was the illegitimate child of George III, but although Hoppner himself never denied this, there is no credible evidence to support these claims. He studied at the Royal Academy Schools from 1775 until 1781, the year in which he married Phoebe Wright. Throughout the 1780s his reputation as a portraitist advanced, until by the end of the decade he was widely regarded as a worthy successor to Reynolds and Gainsborough. The early 1800s brought considerable success for Hoppner, but his frail health was increasingly failing. He died in London aged only 51.