Adam Smith, 1723 - 1790. Political economist (1787)
About this artwork
Adam Smith is one of the most influential Scots ever to have lived. He can be considered the father of the economic principle of free enterprise, one of the holy grails of modern capitalism. His best known work, The Wealth of Nations, (1776), described how the individual pursuit of self-interest leads to greater prosperity and the common good of society. He was, however, a more complex intellectual figure than his popular reputation suggests, and he shared the ethical concerns of his great friend, David Hume.
- title: Adam Smith, 1723 - 1790. Political economist
- accession number: PG 157
- artist: James TassieScottish (1735 - 1799)
- depicted: Adam Smith
- gallery: Scottish National Portrait Gallery(On Display)
- object type: Sculpture
- subject: Political reform Education Writing and literature
- materials: Paste medallion
- date created: 1787
- measurements: glass only: 10.20 x 7.30 x 0.40 cm
- credit line: Purchased 1886
Tassie was born in Pollokshaws, Glasgow. He trained first as a stone mason and then attended the Foulis Academy in Glasgow. Tassie moved to Dublin in 1763, where he learned how to make imitations of antique cameos. He invented a formula for a type of glass paste which he used for the rest of his life to make gems and portrait medallions. Tassie moved to London in 1766. His reproductions of antique gems were avidly collected by patrons as distinguished as Catherine the Great of Russia. He was also the leading portrait modeller in Britain, making around five hundred medallions of his contemporaries.