Staffa. The Clam-Shell Cave (1870s)
About this artwork
This striking image is one of the thousands of views of Scotland that the Valentine company in Dundee produced from the mid-1860s onwards. It shows the uninhabited island of Staffa in the Inner Hebrides, a site previously visited by artists and writers like Turner, Keats, Wordsworth and Tennyson. Thanks to photography, its famous basalt columns could now be appreciated by all.
- title: Staffa. The Clam-Shell Cave
- accession number: PGP R 810
- artist: James ValentineScottish (1815 - 1880)
- gallery: Scottish National Portrait Gallery(Print Room)
- object type: Photograph
- subject: Topographical
- materials: Albumen print
- date created: 1870s
- measurements: 19 x 23.2 cm
- credit line: Gift of Mrs. Riddell in memory of Peter Fletcher Riddell 1985
The Valentine company was founded in Dundee by James's father, John Valentine, in 1825. After learning the daguerreotype process in Paris in the late 1840s, James added portrait photography to the family business in 1851. By the 1860s the company had begun to cater for the growing tourist industry by producing photographic prints with views from around the country. After James's death in 1880, his son William Dobson took over the ever-expanding business. At Valentine's the greeting card gradually replaced the picture postcard. What remained of a card making empire was sold to Hallmark Cards Inc. in 1980.