Henry Dundas, 1st Viscount Melville, 1742 - 1811. Statesman (1770)
About this artwork
No one in late eighteenth century Scotland was as powerful as Henry Dundas, 1st Viscount Melville. Trained as a lawyer, Dundas moved speedily into politics. Solicitor-General at twenty-four, Lord Advocate at thirty-three, Dundas became the 'intimate friend and trusted lieutenant' of the British prime minister, William Pitt. He controlled Scottish elections and patronage and was widely known as 'Harry the Ninth, the uncrowned King of Scotland'.
- title: Henry Dundas, 1st Viscount Melville, 1742 - 1811. Statesman
- accession number: PG 2745
- artist: David MartinScottish (1737 - 1797)
- depicted: Henry Dundas, 1st Viscount Melville
- gallery: On Loan
- object type: Painting
- subject: Politics and government The law
- medium: Oil on canvas
- date created: 1770
- measurements: 127.60 x 101.60 cm (framed: 148.40 x 122.20 x 9.20 cm)
- credit line: Purchased with the aid of the National Heritage Memorial Fund and the Art Fund 1988
- photographer: Antonia Reeve
David Martin was born in Anstruther, Fife, the son of a schoolmaster. He trained under Allan Ramsay, working in his fellow Scot's London studio from about 1752. In 1755 he joined Ramsay in Rome and probably returned with him to London in 1757, working as his chief assistant, producing copies of state portraits. He settled in Edinburgh in the mid 1780s where his successful portrait practice functioned as a key link between his master, Ramsay, and Henry Raeburn. One of Martin's earliest independent works is a portrait of Benjamin Franklin (1767), which now hangs in The White House, Washington.