Adriaen Hanneman

Princess Mary, 1631 - 1660. Eldest daughter of Charles I; Princess of Orange (1659)

About this artwork

Mary was the eldest daughter of Charles I and Henrietta Maria, and Britain’s first Princess Royal. In 1641, aged only nine, she married the future Dutch stadholder, or leader, William of Orange. After Mary was widowed aged nineteen, she devoted her time to promoting her brother, Charles II (who was in exile on the continent) and the restoration of the Stuart monarchy. Her political and financial support of the Stuart cause annoyed Oliver Cromwell’s regime and strained her relations with the Dutch. Hanneman had been one of Van Dyck’s studio assistants in England and his portraits had a sentimental familiarity for the many exiled British courtiers who sat to him in The Hague. Mary is shown revealing a coronet, reminding us of her royal status.

Adriaen Hanneman

Adriaen Hanneman

Born in The Hague, Hanneman trained under John Ravesteyn before distinguishing himself as a portrait painter in his home town. In England at this time Charles I was ardently promoting the arts. Seeing an opportunity for work, Hanneman decided to visit and went on to stay for sixteen years. During this time he honed his style and painted numerous society figures. He also became an extremely successful imitator of the Flemish painter, Sir Anthony van Dyck, who was also resident in England. Following the outbreak of the English Civil War in 1642, Hanneman returned to The Hague. He was made painter to Mary, Princess of Orange and in 1665, became director of the Academy at The Hague.

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