James Murray, 2nd Duke of Atholl, 1690 - 1764. Lord Privy Seal (1743)
About this artwork
A lieutenant-colonel of the Royal Scots Regiment, James Murray first entered politics in 1715 as MP for Perthshire. When Murray’s elder brother, William, became involved in the 1715 Jacobite rebellion he was dishonoured and could no longer inherit his father’s title or property. James himself was a supporter of the Hanoverian kings, and on the death of his father he inherited the family titles and estates instead. He later resigned his military post and replaced the Earl of Islay as Keeper of the Privy Seal of Scotland. In 1746 he accompanied the Duke of Cumberland north to crush the Jacobite army, led by his other brother, Lord George Murray, who at one point besieged the family’s ancestral home of Blair Castle when it was occupied by Hanoverian troops.
- title: James Murray, 2nd Duke of Atholl, 1690 - 1764. Lord Privy Seal
- accession number: PG 925
- artist: Allan RamsayScottish (1713 - 1784)
- depicted: James Murray
- gallery: In Storage
- object type: Painting
- subject: The Jacobites Politics and government
- materials: Oil on canvas
- date created: 1743
- measurements: 73.70 x 61.00 cm
- credit line: Purchased 1921
- photographer: Antonia Reeve
Ramsay, named after his father who was a poet, was internationally renowned for his outstanding portraits. He attended the new Academy of St Luke in Edinburgh and then continued his artistic education in Italy. He visited Rome, studying at the French Academy and Naples. British residents commissioned many portraits from him and as soon as he returned to London he established a successful studio. He also returned to Edinburgh regularly. King George III appointed him King's painter. As a gifted conversationalist and writer of essays, Ramsay pursued his scholarly interests when injury to his right arm in 1773 cut short his painting career.