Queen Anne, when Princess of Denmark, 1665 – 1714 (About 1685)
About this artwork
Queen Anne was the last of the Stuart dynasty to occupy the British throne. Shown here aged eighteen, seductively dressed and posed in a sumptious interior, her reign was dominated by war with the French and her failure to produce an heir. She had twelve children, none of whom survived beyond infancy and many miscarriages. Her most important domestic act was the union of the kingdoms of Scotland and England in 1707.
- title: Queen Anne, when Princess of Denmark, 1665 – 1714
- accession number: PG 939
- artists: Jan van der VaardtDutch (1647 - 1721) Willem WissingDutch (1656 - 1687)
- depicted: Queen Anne
- gallery: Scottish National Portrait Gallery(On Display)
- object type: Painting
- subject: Royalty
- materials: Oil on canvas
- date created: About 1685
- measurements: 199.40 x 128.30 cm (framed: 228.20 x 158.00 x 7.70 cm)
- credit line: Purchased 1922
- photographer: Antonia Reeve
Jan van der Vaardt
Jan van der Vaardt
Van der Vaardt was born in Haarlem and moved to London in 1674, where he was to spend the rest of his life. He became assistant to Willem Wissing, painting particularly the landscapes, still lifes and draperies in his pictures. After Wissing's death in 1687, van der Vaardt established his own portrait practice, basing his style on Wissing, though his work is generally less refined. Van der Vaaldt sold all his pictures in 1713 when his eyesight began to fail, and then worked as a restorer and 'expert'.
Born in Amsterdam, Wissing was trained in The Hague and in Paris. He arrived in London in 1676, where he became assistant to Sir Peter Lely. After Lely's death in 1680, Wissing helped to finish off his uncompleted portraits. Wissing subsequently became a fashionable portrait painter and was taken up by the court. He was sent to Holland by James II in 1684 to paint the Prince of Orange and Princess Mary. Wissing's style was heavily based on the work of Lely and he received much patronage from the nobility and gentry.