Samuel Bough

Edinburgh Castle from Princes Street (late 1860s)

About this artwork

This view of Edinburgh Castle and Princes Street Gardens is from the later period of Samuel Bough’s work. The costume worn by the fashionable middle class woman in the left foreground suggests that the picture dates from the mid – to late 1860s. Accessed by a subscription key scheme from 1821, the western Gardens were privately owned by Princes Street proprietors until 1876 when the city authorities resumed possession and re-landscaped the area. The plume of smoke rising from a passing steam train is an evocative reminder of the importance of the railway to the social and economic life of the city from the 1840s.

  • title: Edinburgh Castle from Princes Street
  • accession number: NGL 021.12
  • artist: Samuel BoughEnglish (1822 - 1878)
  • gallery: Scottish National Gallery(On Display)
  • object type: Painting
  • subject: Castles
  • materials: Oil on canvas
  • date created: late 1860s
  • measurements: 156.00 x 125.00 cm (framed 191.00 x 173.00 x 13.00 cm)
  • credit line: Long loan in 2012

Samuel Bough

Samuel Bough

Although born in England, Bough became one of the most influential figures in the development of nineteenth-century Scottish landscape painting. A largely self-taught artist, he spent the early part of his career in Manchester and Glasgow painting scenes for theatrical sets. Bough later dedicated himself to landscape painting, and became adept at illustrating the fleeting effects of weather. This is especially clear in his paintings of Cadzow Forest in South Lanarkshire. He settled in Edinburgh in 1855, and was elected a member of the Royal Scottish Academy the following year. Bough enjoyed tremendous popularity as an artist. His views of rivers and ports of the 1850s and 1860s show his masterful combination of realism and expressive colouring to capture natural effects.