August Sander

Victim of Persecution, c.1938 (about 1938)

About this artwork

August Sander’s monumental photographic project ‘People of the 20th Century’ was an attempt to chronicle social worlds in radical transformation in his native Germany. The project comprises more than 500 photographs classified into seven groups that represent the social structures and professional classes of his time. The sixth group, entitled ‘The City’, stands out for its loose association of subjects ranging from different city ‘types’ to events from everyday urban life. One of the eleven portfolios within ‘The City’ is titled ‘The Persecuted’. It shows representatives of the German-Jewish middle classes who emigrated or were killed in the Nazi concentration camps. Sander compiled the portfolio shortly after the war, using portraits he had made during the 1920s and 1930s. The portfolio presents a powerful reminder of the integral part Jews once played in modern German social, cultural and economic life.

see media
  • title: Victim of Persecution, c.1938
  • accession number: AL00159
  • artist: August SanderGerman (1874 - 1964)
  • gallery: In Storage
  • object type: Photograph
  • medium: Embossed paper in frame
  • date created: about 1938
  • measurements: 25.90 x 19.50 cm (paper 43.90 x 33.90 cm; mount: 46.00 x 36.00 cm) (framed: 48.20 x 38.20 x 3.20 cm)
  • credit line: ARTIST ROOMS National Galleries of Scotland and Tate. Lent by Anthony d'Offay 2010
  • copyright: © Die Photographische Sammlung/SK Stiftung Kultur - August Sander Archiv, Köln/VG Bild-Kunst, Bonn and DACS, London 2016.
This artwork is part of Artist Rooms

August Sander

August Sander

Considered one of the finest photographers of the twentieth century, Sander's bold style of portrait photography, as well as his typological approach, has had an enormous influence on modern photography. During his apprenticeship in several German studios and his time in his own studio in Austria, he developed his individual style. Then in 1910 Sander moved to Cologne and produced his first large group of photographs, which he later included in his concept "People of the 20th Century". This was created in the mid-1920s and compiled up until the 1950s. He photographed groups of people in his native Germany, classifying them according to their occupations and positions in society.