Victim of Persecution, c.1938 (about 1938)
About this artwork
For several decades August Sander photographed individual people and groups in his native Germany, classifying them according to their social standing and professions. This ambitious attempt to chronicle the social structures of his time resulted in his monumental project ‘People of the 20th Century’. This portrait derives from the portfolio entitled ‘The Persecuted’ within the project’s sixth group, ‘The City’. Shortly after the end of World War II, Sander turned to the difficult subject of the elimination of the Jews by the National Socialists. He put together a portfolio of portraits taken during the 1920s and 1930s of people representing the German-Jewish middle classes in which the subjects are often shown viewed from a three-quarters perspective looking thoughtfully out into the distance. The portfolio provides a powerful reminder of the integral part Jews once played in modern German social, cultural and economic life.
- title: Victim of Persecution, c.1938
- accession number: AL00158
- artist: August SanderGerman (1874 - 1964)
- gallery: In Storage
- object type: Photograph
- materials: Black and white photograph on paper
- date created: about 1938
- measurements: 25.90 x 17.90 cm (paper 44.00 x 33.90 cm; mount: 46.00 x 36.00 cm) (framed: 48.20 x 38.20 x 3.20 cm)
- credit line: ARTIST ROOMS National Galleries of Scotland and Tate. Lent by Anthony d'Offay 2010
- copyright: © Die Photographische Sammlung/SK Stiftung Kultur - August Sander Archiv, Köln/VG Bild-Kunst, Bonn and DACS, London 2016.
Considered one of the finest photographers of the twentieth century, Sander's bold style of portrait photography, as well as his typological approach, has had an enormous influence on modern photography. During his apprenticeship in several German studios and his time in his own studio in Austria, he developed his individual style. Then in 1910 Sander moved to Cologne and produced his first large group of photographs, which he later included in his concept "People of the 20th Century". This was created in the mid-1920s and compiled up until the 1950s. He photographed groups of people in his native Germany, classifying them according to their occupations and positions in society.