Youth Movements, 1923 (1923)
About this artwork
August Sander’s monumental photographic project ‘People of the 20th Century’ comprises seven groups representing the social structures and classes of his time. This portrait is from the portfolio entitled ‘City Youth’ within the sixth group, ‘The City’. Sander had a particular interest in documenting the social ‘types’ that were emerging with the rapid modernisation of his native Germany. One phenomenon to which he paid particular attention was a new youth culture, arising from the politicisation of young people and their increasing fashion consciousness. The subject shown here is representative of a new generation of young people who were developing an autonomous political consciousness and opinion. The young man’ serious and pensive expression makes him appear older than his years. It contrasts with the nonchalant attitude depicted in other portraits from the same portfolio, such as ‘Grammar School Boy’ (1926) which illustrates the increasing concern of modern young people with clothing styles.
- title: Youth Movements, 1923
- accession number: AL00156
- artist: August SanderGerman (1874 - 1964)
- gallery: In Storage
- object type: Photograph
- materials: Black and white photograph on paper
- date created: 1923
- measurements: 25.90 x 18.50 cm (paper 43.90 x 34.00 cm; mount: 46.00 x 36.00 cm) (framed: 48.20 x 38.20 x 3.20 cm)
- credit line: ARTIST ROOMS National Galleries of Scotland and Tate. Lent by Anthony d'Offay 2010
- copyright: © Die Photographische Sammlung/SK Stiftung Kultur - August Sander Archiv, Köln/VG Bild-Kunst, Bonn and DACS, London 2016.
Considered one of the finest photographers of the twentieth century, Sander's bold style of portrait photography, as well as his typological approach, has had an enormous influence on modern photography. During his apprenticeship in several German studios and his time in his own studio in Austria, he developed his individual style. Then in 1910 Sander moved to Cologne and produced his first large group of photographs, which he later included in his concept "People of the 20th Century". This was created in the mid-1920s and compiled up until the 1950s. He photographed groups of people in his native Germany, classifying them according to their occupations and positions in society.