Victim of Persecution, c.1938 (about 1938)
About this artwork
From the mid-1920s until the end of his life, August Sander worked on his monumental documentary project ‘People of the 20th Century’, which has been described as a work of cultural and social history executed in the medium of photography. Over 500 are organised into seven groups representing the social structures and professional classes of the time. Group Six, ‘The City’, stands out for its loose arrangement of subjects, ranging from different city ‘types’ to events of everyday urban life. This portrait of an unknown woman is from the portfolio entitled ‘The Persecuted’, which depicts Jewish people who emigrated from Germany or were killed in the Nazi concentration camps. Sander added the portfolio to his project shortly after the end of World War II. It highlights the new absence of the German-Jewish middle classes, who had formed an important part of German social, cultural and economic life during the first half of the century.
- title: Victim of Persecution, c.1938
- accession number: AL00110
- artist: August SanderGerman (1874 - 1964)
- gallery: In Storage
- object type: Photograph
- materials: Black and white photograph on paper
- date created: about 1938
- measurements: 26.00 x 20.20 cm (paper 44.00 x 33.90 cm; mount: 46.00 x 36.00 cm) (framed: 48.20 x 38.20 x 3.20 cm)
- credit line: ARTIST ROOMS National Galleries of Scotland and Tate. Lent by Anthony d'Offay 2010
- copyright: © Photograph. Samml. / SK Stiftung Kultur - A. Sander Archiv, Köln /VG Bild-Kunst, Bonn and DACS, London 2016.
Considered one of the finest photographers of the twentieth century, Sander's bold style of portrait photography, as well as his typological approach, has had an enormous influence on modern photography. During his apprenticeship in several German studios and his time in his own studio in Austria, he developed his individual style. Then in 1910 Sander moved to Cologne and produced his first large group of photographs, which he later included in his concept "People of the 20th Century". This was created in the mid-1920s and compiled up until the 1950s. He photographed groups of people in his native Germany, classifying them according to their occupations and positions in society.