"Red Front" Demonstration, 1927 (1927)
About this artwork
Interwar Germany was subject to intense political unrest. August Sander’s monumental photographic project ‘People of the 20th Century’ provides an invaluable source of historical documentation of some of the political trends of the time. Recording the atmosphere of social conflict and upheaval, Sander’s pictures illustrate the activities and events of those affiliated with both the political right and the left. This picture is one of a series of photographs that Sander took of street musicians. It is from the portfolio entitled ‘The Street and Street Life’, within the sixth group, ‘The City’. It shows a protest march by a group of people identified as part of ‘Der Rote Frontkämpferbund [Red Front Fighting League]’, the paramilitary arm of the German Communist Party founded in 1924 to counter the increasing power of National Socialist paramilitary groups. It was banned by the Prussian Ministry of the Interior in 1929, two years after this photograph was taken.
- title: "Red Front" Demonstration, 1927
- accession number: AL00097
- artist: August SanderGerman (1874 - 1964)
- gallery: In Storage
- object type: Photograph
- materials: Black and white photograph on paper
- date created: 1927
- measurements: 18.50 x 25.80 cm (paper 43.80 x 34.00 cm; mount: 46.00 x 36.00 cm) (framed: 48.20 x 38.20 x 3.20 cm)
- credit line: ARTIST ROOMS National Galleries of Scotland and Tate. Lent by Anthony d'Offay 2010
- copyright: © Photograph. Samml. / SK Stiftung Kultur - A. Sander Archiv, Köln /VG Bild-Kunst, Bonn and DACS, London 2016.
Considered one of the finest photographers of the twentieth century, Sander's bold style of portrait photography, as well as his typological approach, has had an enormous influence on modern photography. During his apprenticeship in several German studios and his time in his own studio in Austria, he developed his individual style. Then in 1910 Sander moved to Cologne and produced his first large group of photographs, which he later included in his concept "People of the 20th Century". This was created in the mid-1920s and compiled up until the 1950s. He photographed groups of people in his native Germany, classifying them according to their occupations and positions in society.