Havermann String Quartet, 1923 (1923)
About this artwork
This is a portrait of the Havemann String Quartet, which was founded in the early 1920s by Gustav Havemann (1882–1960), shown here on the far right (first violin). The other members of the quartet were Georg Kühnau (second violin), Hans Mahlke (viola) and Adolf Steiner (violoncello). They formed one of the most successful string quartets of their day, playing both classical and avant-garde music. Although Havemann initially conformed to National Socialist politics and became a leading musician of the Third Reich, he was expelled from the national musicians’ club when he intervened on behalf of the composer Paul Hindemith who had become a victim of the Nazi’s Degenerate Art campaign. The photograph is classified in the portfolio ‘The Performing Musician’ from the fifth group entitled ‘The Artists’ within August Sander’s monumental documentary project ‘People of the 20th Century’.
- title: Havermann String Quartet, 1923
- accession number: AL00094
- artist: August SanderGerman (1874 - 1964)
- gallery: In Storage
- object type: Photograph
- medium: Embossed paper in frame
- date created: 1923
- measurements: 20.30 x 26.00 cm (paper 43.80 x 33.80 cm; mount: 46.00 x 36.00 cm) (framed: 48.20 x 38.20 x 3.20 cm)
- credit line: ARTIST ROOMS National Galleries of Scotland and Tate. Lent by Anthony d'Offay 2010
- copyright: © Die Photographische Sammlung/SK Stiftung Kultur - August Sander Archiv, Köln/VG Bild-Kunst, Bonn and DACS, London 2016.
Considered one of the finest photographers of the twentieth century, Sander's bold style of portrait photography, as well as his typological approach, has had an enormous influence on modern photography. During his apprenticeship in several German studios and his time in his own studio in Austria, he developed his individual style. Then in 1910 Sander moved to Cologne and produced his first large group of photographs, which he later included in his concept "People of the 20th Century". This was created in the mid-1920s and compiled up until the 1950s. He photographed groups of people in his native Germany, classifying them according to their occupations and positions in society.