Painter [Jankel Adler], 1924 (1924)
About this artwork
This is a portrait of the Polish painter and printmaker, Jankel Adler (1895–1949). The photograph was taken in 1924, two years after Adler moved to Düsseldorf, where he taught at the Academy of Arts and became a friend of Paul Klee, who had a decisive influence on his work. The portrait belongs to the portfolio ‘The Painter’ from the fifth group entitled ‘The Artists’ within August Sander’s monumental documentary project ‘People of the 20th Century’. Like many of the other painters and sculptors that Sander photographed, Adler was loosely involved with the artists’ collective known as the Cologne Progressives. As an uncompromisingly modernist artist, both left-wing and Jewish, Adler was an enemy to the National Socialist regime. He fled Germany in 1933 to live first in Paris and later in Scotland and London. In 1937 his work was included in the infamous ‘Degenerate Art’ exhibition in Munich. All of Adler’s nine siblings were killed in the Holocaust.
- title: Painter [Jankel Adler], 1924
- accession number: AL00090
- artist: August SanderGerman (1874 - 1964)
- gallery: In Storage
- object type: Photograph
- materials: Black and white photograph on paper
- date created: 1924
- measurements: 25.80 x 19.00 cm (paper 43.90 x 33.90 cm; mount: 46.00 x 36.00 cm) (framed: 48.20 x 38.20 x 3.20 cm)
- credit line: ARTIST ROOMS National Galleries of Scotland and Tate. Lent by Anthony d'Offay 2010
- copyright: © Photograph. Samml. / SK Stiftung Kultur - A. Sander Archiv, Köln /VG Bild-Kunst, Bonn and DACS, London 2016.
Considered one of the finest photographers of the twentieth century, Sander's bold style of portrait photography, as well as his typological approach, has had an enormous influence on modern photography. During his apprenticeship in several German studios and his time in his own studio in Austria, he developed his individual style. Then in 1910 Sander moved to Cologne and produced his first large group of photographs, which he later included in his concept "People of the 20th Century". This was created in the mid-1920s and compiled up until the 1950s. He photographed groups of people in his native Germany, classifying them according to their occupations and positions in society.