August Sander

Painter and Sculptor [Otto Freundlich], about 1925 (about 1925)

About this artwork

From the early 1920s August Sander was involved with the group of artists today known as the Cologne Progressives. Most of the painters and sculptors that he photographed for his documentary project ‘People of the 20th Century’ were members and affiliates of the group, like the abstract painter and sculptor Otto Freundlich (1878–1943) depicted here. Freundlich lived in Paris, Berlin and Cologne and was involved in various avant-garde movements and magazines of the 1920s and early 1930s. The National Socialists included Freundlich’s work in the infamous ‘Degenerate Art’ exhibition of 1937 in Munich, using one of his monumental primitivist sculptural heads as the cover image for the exhibition catalogue. Of Jewish origin, Freundlich was deported from France and killed in the Lublin-Majdanek camp in 1943. Sander included this photograph in the portfolio ‘The Sculptor’ from the group ‘The Artists’.

see media
  • title: Painter and Sculptor [Otto Freundlich], about 1925
  • accession number: AL00087
  • artist: August SanderGerman (1874 - 1964)
  • gallery: In Storage
  • object type: Photograph
  • medium: Embossed paper in frame
  • date created: about 1925
  • measurements: 26.00 x 18.80 cm (paper 43.80 x 33.90 cm; mount: 46.00 x 36.00 cm) (framed: 48.20 x 38.20 x 3.20 cm)
  • credit line: ARTIST ROOMS National Galleries of Scotland and Tate. Lent by Anthony d'Offay 2010
  • copyright: © Die Photographische Sammlung/SK Stiftung Kultur - August Sander Archiv, Köln/VG Bild-Kunst, Bonn and DACS, London 2016.
This artwork is part of Artist Rooms

August Sander

August Sander

Considered one of the finest photographers of the twentieth century, Sander's bold style of portrait photography, as well as his typological approach, has had an enormous influence on modern photography. During his apprenticeship in several German studios and his time in his own studio in Austria, he developed his individual style. Then in 1910 Sander moved to Cologne and produced his first large group of photographs, which he later included in his concept "People of the 20th Century". This was created in the mid-1920s and compiled up until the 1950s. He photographed groups of people in his native Germany, classifying them according to their occupations and positions in society.