National Socialist, about 1935 (about 1935)
About this artwork
This studio portrait shares its title ‘National Socialist’ with the sub-portfolio in which it is included. Sander added the sub-portfolio 'National Socialists' to the larger portfolio ‘The Soldier’ within the group ‘Classes and Professions’ in his photographic project ‘People of the 20th Century’, in response to the political developments of the early 1930s in Germany. In this way, he explicitly differentiated between the soldiers of the air force and armed forces and the members of the National Socialist Party. Clothed in his uniform, this party member sits with his hands folded in his lap, gazing limpidly at the viewer. The photograph’s tonal range is notably different from the other images in the portfolio, possibly as a result of Sander’s having used a coloured backdrop, creating a lower contrast and sepia tones.
- title: National Socialist, about 1935
- accession number: AL00070
- artist: August SanderGerman (1874 - 1964)
- gallery: In Storage
- object type: Photograph
- medium: Embossed paper in frame
- date created: about 1935
- measurements: 25.20 x 18.80 cm (paper 44.00 x 34.00 cm; mount: 46.00 x 36.00 cm) (framed: 48.20 x 38.20 x 3.20 cm)
- credit line: ARTIST ROOMS National Galleries of Scotland and Tate. Lent by Anthony d'Offay 2010
- copyright: © Die Photographische Sammlung/SK Stiftung Kultur - August Sander Archiv, Köln/VG Bild-Kunst, Bonn and DACS, London 2016.
Considered one of the finest photographers of the twentieth century, Sander's bold style of portrait photography, as well as his typological approach, has had an enormous influence on modern photography. During his apprenticeship in several German studios and his time in his own studio in Austria, he developed his individual style. Then in 1910 Sander moved to Cologne and produced his first large group of photographs, which he later included in his concept "People of the 20th Century". This was created in the mid-1920s and compiled up until the 1950s. He photographed groups of people in his native Germany, classifying them according to their occupations and positions in society.