David Livingstone, 1813 - 1873. Missionary and explorer (1864)
About this artwork
David Livingstone was one of the great Christian missionaries of the nineteenth century, and fought the slave trade in Africa throughout his life with great dedication. His journey from coast to coast and his discovery of Victoria Falls made him Britain's national hero. This is the most successful portrait of Livingstone, taken in his sisters' house in Hamilton in 1864. The cap on the table is his 'Consul's cap', symbolising his authority as a consul-on-the-move in the Zambezi expedition (1858-1864).
- title: David Livingstone, 1813 - 1873. Missionary and explorer
- accession number: PGP 74.2
- artist: Thomas AnnanScottish (1829 - 1887)
- depicted: David Livingstone
- gallery: Scottish National Portrait Gallery(Print Room)
- object type: Photograph
- subject: Religion and occultism Travel
- materials: Carbon print
- date created: 1864
- measurements: 36.90 x 30.20 cm
- credit line: Gift by T & R Annan and Sons, 1930
Having begun his career as a lithographic writer and engraver on a local newspaper in Fife, Thomas Annan set up a studio as a professional photographer in 1855. He founded his own photographic printing works in Hamilton in 1859 and by 1862 had begun to establish a reputation for photographing works of art. In 1866 he purchased the carbon process patent rights for Scotland and in 1883 he secured the British rights for photogravure. Between 1868 and 1871 he executed a commission from the City of Glasgow to photograph the slums of the old town before their demolition.